Texas State Symbols

field of blue bonnets, sun set, clouds

Having a large number of official state symbols is unsurprising when you consider the vast size of the state and geological and cultural differences within the boundaries of it. Texas has a rich, diverse cultural heritage and tangible representations of it and its natural resources have become official symbols for the state. State symbols began to be adopted following the creation of a “National Garland of Flowers” for the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, where each state was represented by a particular type of flower. The trend expanded from there and now each state has many symbols that acknowledge the unique natural beauty, landscape features, and cultural heritage of each.

Every Texan knows that the State Flower is the Bluebonnet and the State Nickname is The Lone Star State, but how many know what the State Dinosaur or State Snack is? Here is a list of some of the well-known and not-so-well-known Texas State Symbols:


State Amphibian – Texas Toad

State Bird – Mockingbird

State Crustacean – Texas Gulf Shrimp

State Dinosaur – Paluxysaurus Jonesi

State Dog Breed – Blue Lacy

State Fish – Guadalupe Bass

State Flying Mammal – Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

State Horse – American Quarter Horse

State Insect – Monarch Butterfly

State Large Mammal – Longhorn

State Pollinator – Western Honey Bee

State Reptile – Texas Horned Lizard

State Saltwater Fish – Red Drum

State Sea Turtle – Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle

State Small Mammal – Nine-Banded Armadillo


State Flower – Bluebonnet

State Grass – Sideoats Grama

State Native Shrub – Texas Purple Sage

State Plant – Prickly Pear Cactus

State Shrub – Crape Myrtle

State Tree – Pecan Tree

State Waterlily – Nymphaea Texas Dawn


State Bread – Pan de Campo

State Cobbler – Peach Cobbler

State Dish – Chili

State Fruit – Texas Red Grapefruit

State Health Nut – Pecan

State Native Pepper – Chiltepin

State Pastries – Sopaipilla and Strudel

State Pepper – Jalapeño

State Pie – Pecan Pie

State Snack – Tortilla Chips & Salsa

State Squash – Pumpkin

State Vegetable – Texas Sweet Onion


State Cooking Implement – Cast Iron Dutch Oven

State Epic Poem – Legend of Old Stone Ranch

State Fiber & Fabric – Cotton

State Folk Dance – Square Dance

State Footwear – Cowboy Boot

State Gem & Gemstone Cut – Texas Blue Topaz & Lone Star Cut

State Hat – Cowboy Hat

State Motto – Friendship

State Music – Western Swing

State Musical Instrument – Guitar

State Nickname – The Lone Star State

State Precious Metal – Silver

State Railroad – Texas State Railroad

State Shell – Lightning Whelk

State Ship – U.S.S. Texas

State Song – Texas Our Texas

State Sport – Rodeo

State Stone – Petrified Palmwood

State Tall Ship – Tall Ship Elissa

State Tartan – Texas Bluebonnet Tartan

State Tie – Bolo Tie

State Vehicle – Chuck Wagon

Sources: State Symbols USA, Bullock Museum, and Texas State Library and Archives Commission

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